uk average temperature
Select a city to see its average temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine over the year. 1. Although the bridge was poorly constructed and had already been weakened in earlier gales (including the pre-existing winds at the time of the tragedy), the ultimate failure is believed to have been caused by two or three waterspouts which were sighted close to the bridge immediately before the accident. The areas that see the most occur in the southern part of England, while areas in the north and west see very few thunderstorms annually. Snow, frost and ice can be disruptive and damaging to flowering plants, particularly later in the spring. A child's temperature usually averages from around 36.3°C (97.4°F) in the morning to 37.6°C (99.6°F) in the afternoon. In general the climate of the UK is cool and often cloudy and rainy, and high temperatures are infrequent. The following day the coldest maximum temperature in England, at −11.3 °C (11.7 °F), was recorded at the same site.. In England the average annual temperature varies from 8.5 °C (47.3 °F) in the north to 11 °C (51.8 °F) in the south, but over the higher ground this can be several degrees lower. The largest tornado outbreak in Britain is also the largest tornado outbreak known anywhere in Europe. August is the hottest month in York with an average temperature of 15°C (59°F) and the coldest is January at 3°C (37°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in June. The winter of 2016/17 was very nearly a very cold winter owing to the presence and position of high pressure, although ultimately only November 2016 was cold widely as a whole. The wettest month in Scotland is January; most months are wetter than other parts of the UK, except for the late spring to early autumn months.  Temperatures on the night of 12–13 October were also just under 20 °C (68 °F) in London.  Temperatures tend to drop lowest on late winter nights inland, in the presence of high pressure, clear skies, light winds and when there is snow on the ground. Get notified about our newest bucket list destinations and more! The warmest month in the UK is often July. Average daily temperatures in the United Kingdom (UK) 2001-2019 Deviation of mean annual temperature in the United Kingdom (UK) 2001-2019 Monthly mean temperature in UK 2015-2020 In fact, the winter of 1995/1996 was the only one which was defined as below average in terms of the UK as a whole, although February 1991 saw heavy snowfall and January 1997 was cold in the South.  The winter of 2014/2015 was an oddity: it was generally quiet and sunny. Many types of weather can be experienced in a single day. Especially potent storm systems typically affect the UK during autumn and winter, with the winters of 1989/1990 and 2013/2014 particularly notable for the frequency and potency of storm systems. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) Snowfall can occur in winter and early spring. Rainfall amounts can vary greatly across the United Kingdom: generally the further west and the higher the elevation, the greater the rainfall. This is due to a mild rainshadow effect, due to mountainous parts of the South West, Wales and Cumbria blocking the moist airflow across the country to the east.  Hardly any stations in Wales and Southern England recorded any air frosts, and temperatures were often comparable to those of April or May. In winter they can bring long periods of cold dry weather and in summer long periods of hot dry weather. The landscape in much of England and east Wales became very parched, even near the coast; water restrictions were in place in some areas. May is the sunniest month, averaging 186.8 hours. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. If the air masses are strong enough in their respective areas during the summer, there can sometimes be a large difference in temperature between the far north of Scotland (including its islands) and the south-east of England – often a difference of 10-15 °C (18-27 °F) but sometimes as much as 20 °C (36 °F) or more. Averages are for Shobdon, which is 15 miles from Hereford. These warm ocean currents also bring substantial amounts of humidity which contributes to the notoriously wet climate that western parts of the UK experience. This thermohaline circulation has a powerful moderating and warming effect on the country's climate. In Scotland, Fraserburgh in Aberdeenshire recorded 229 km/h (142 mph) on 13 February 1989, which was equalled during Cyclone Xaver on 5 December 2013.  Coastal areas in the southern half of England have on average the warmest autumns, with mean temperatures of 10.7 to 13.0 °C (51.3 to 55.4 °F). In July 2019, BBC reported that records from the Met Office show that the 10 warmest years in the UK have occurred since 2002, with 2014 being the warmest. Autumn, particularly the latter part, is often the stormiest time of the year. Thunderstorms in general are not common in the U.K. Spring is generally a calm, cool season, particularly because the Atlantic has lost much of its heat throughout the autumn and winter. Climate data and weather averages in London. The wettest month is October with an average of 71mm of rain. Mean temperatures in Spring are markedly influenced by latitude. The provisional UK mean temperature was 7.7 °C, which is 1.5 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average, making it the 6th warmest November in a series from 1884. Highly ranked among the top eccentric British events. It soared to 38.7 °C (101.7 °F) in Cambridge on 25 July 2019: the highest temperature ever recorded in the United Kingdom. . On certain pages we also offer other historical weather data like humidity, wind speed and water temperature.  Northern, western and mountainous areas are generally the cloudiest areas of the UK, with some mountainous areas receiving fewer than 1,000 hours of sunshine a year.. Both mean maximum and minimum temperatures were generally around 1.5 °C above average, but in Northern Ireland it was slightly less mild. The UK can suffer extreme winters like 1684, 1740, 1795 (when London had its record lowest temperature of −21.1 °C (−6.0 °F), 1947 and 1963. The winter of 2012/13 was very cold too, although the peak of the cold was in March. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: , The averages shown below have been calculated using month CET data from 1659, using periods of 30 years as the WMO advises.. © 2010-2020 World Weather & Climate InformationAll rights reserved. In fact, la Niña was in place across the tropical Pacific from January–April, and it left an imprint on the region's temp… The current allows England to have vineyards at the same latitude that Canada has polar bears. Wales is wetter throughout the year than Northern Ireland and England, but has fewer rainy days than Northern Ireland; meaning that rainfall tends to be more intense. The UK also holds the title for the highest known 'outbreak' of tornadoes outside of the United States. , While the United Kingdom is not particularly noted for extreme weather, as the regions cool, oceanic climate is opposed to convective storms. Autumns since 2000 have generally been very mild, with notable extremes of precipitation; the UK has seen some of its wettest and driest autumns since the millennium.  December 2015 was also the warmest December averaged over the whole UK, and the CET had the warmest December on record. Very fortunately most tornadoes were short-lived and also weak (the strongest was around T5 on the TORRO Tornado Scale) and no deaths occurred. Mean winter temperatures in the UK are most influenced by proximity to the sea. The UK has regional variations in weather with different temperatures and varying weather patterns for England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland, there is occasionally extreme weather experienced in the UK, it can be local, regional or in rare cases national. The first frost of the winter usually occurs between October and December; frost is quite unusual in September, when the surrounding ocean is at or near its warmest, except on high ground. Early spring can be quite cold, and occasionally the lowest temperature of the winter can occur in March, as it did at Heathrow Airport on 5 March 2001, 4 March 2006 and 8 March 2011. Averages graphs The early part of winter however is often unsettled and stormy; often the wettest and windiest time of the year. Average annual temperatures for cities and towns across the United Kingdom are listed below in degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit. The maximum recorded temperature was 17.2 °C (63.0 °F) at Teignmouth in Devon and Plockton and Achnagart in the Highlands of Scotland on the 16th. The highest temperature recorded in England occurred on 25 July 2019 at Cambridge Botanic Garden. Get monthly, daily, and hourly graphical reports of the average weather: daily highs and lows, rain, clouds, wind, etc. Averages table. One of the greatest influences on the climate of the UK is the Atlantic Ocean and especially the Gulf Stream, which carries warm water up from lower latitudes and modifies the high latitude air masses that pass across the UK. Please select the city you wish to travel to, or the one closest to your destination. Which months have the highest temperature on average? Interested in more detailed Weather and Climate information? Towards the later part of the season the weather usually stabilises with less wind, less precipitation and lower temperatures. In the summer of 2004, a severe flash flood devastated the town of Boscastle in Cornwall. Early December 2016 was cool and January 2017 was cold in the south-east, with much of the rest of England and Wales near the 1961-1990 average. Greater London, Kent, Sussex, Surrey, Essex, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Suffolk and Norfolk see the most thunderstorms during the summer. The system with three levels of restriction is not as far-reaching as the previous two national lockdowns, but still entails major limitations. ... London, England, United Kingdom Monthly Weather. Scotland is generally cool compared to the rest of the UK, and the climate at altitude merges into Cfc on the Köppen system, with average minimum temperatures in January of −0.2 °C (31.6 °F). The average temperatures at sea level are above freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) also in January, when they hover around 4/5 °C (39/41 °F) in the main cities, and reach 6 °C (43 °F) in the south-western tip of the country; in July, they range from 12 °C (53.5 °F) in northern Scotland to 18.5 °C (65.5 °F) in the London area. Both registered F2 on the Fujita scale and both caused significant damage and injury. Only 2015, 2016, and 2017 were warmer. Here are the average water temperatures at Swansea (located on the coast, west of Cardiff). Even further south, low temperatures can be recorded, with temperatures well below freezing as far south as Heathrow Airport on 29–31 October 1997, with a lower temperature than any recorded at this station in March, November or December 1997 and even the following January 1998; only on 2 and 4 February 1998 were lower temperatures recorded here that winter. The climate of the United Kingdom has not always been the way it is today.  Heavy rain also fell between 20 and 25 June in 2007; some areas experienced a month's rainfall in one day. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 39°F to 74°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 84°F. The latest 30-year period is for1981-2010. On average, the temperature ranges from 18 to 25 °C (64 to 77 °F). Extended periods of extreme weather, such as the droughts of 1975–1976, summer 2006, and spring 2012, the long hot summers of 1911, 1976, 2003 2006 and 2018, and the winters of 1946–1947, 1962–1963, 2009–2010, and 2010–2011 are often caused by blocking anti-cyclones which can persist for several days, weeks, or even months. Snow also fell rather widely across the UK on 28–29 October 2008, causing traffic problems where it settled on the M4. However, the cold subsided after Christmas Day, 2010. There was a new record low of −18.0 °C (−0.4 °F) in Wales on 28 November 2010. During periods of light winds and high pressure, frost and fog can become a problem and can pose a major hazard to drivers. Parts of England are dry in global terms, which is contrary to the stereotypical view—London receives just below 650 millimetres (25.6 in) per annum, which is less than Rome, Sydney, or New York City. The lowest sunshine hours are found in northern parts of the country and the highest in the southern parts and southern coast of England. Precipitation records date back to the eighteenth century and the modern England and Wales Precipitation series begins in 1766.  Lower temperatures have been frequently reported at slightly more elevated stations. This change is particularly pronounced near the coasts, mainly because the Atlantic Ocean is often at its coldest at this time after being cooled throughout the autumn and the winter. England generally has higher maximum and minimum temperatures than the other areas of the UK, though Wales has higher minima from November to February, and Northern Ireland has higher maxima from December to February. Subscribe to our newsletter.  A tornado also developed in London on 3 July 2007. The counties that see the most storms are Kent, the eastern part of Surrey, Sussex, Greater London, Essex, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Suffolk, Norfolk and to a lesser extent Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1.  On 13 October 2018, temperatures reached 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) at Donna Nook in Lincolnshire, the latest in the year such a high temperature had been recorded.  Despite the warmth, it was the dullest December since 1989. The mountains of Wales, Scotland, the Pennines in Northern England and the moors of South West England are the wettest parts of the country, and in some of these places as much as 4,577 millimetres (180.2 in) of rain can fall annually, making these locations some of the wettest in Europe. The drought in 2006 was eased when in the period from October 2006 to January 2007, which had well above average rainfall. Valley areas such as the South Wales Valleys, due to their north–south orientation, receive less sunshine than lowland areas because the mountains on either side of the valley obscure the sun in the early morning and late evening. Four people died in the flooding and over £1.5 billion of damage to businesses and properties was caused. The averages table shows the latest set of 30-year averages, covering the period 1981-2010, for the nearest / most similar climate station to your chosen location. United Kingdom - Current Temperature [°C] Tuesday 08 Dec 2020 16:30 GMT. Below is a list of record temperatures for Scotland, according to the UK Met Office. At Mumbles Head near Swansea, a maximum sustained wind speed of over 123 km/h was recorded: equivalent to a Category 1 hurricane. The season is generally cool, wet, windy, and cloudy.  In zone 7, the average lowest temperature each year is between −17.7 and −12.3 °C (0.1 and 9.9 °F), and in zone 10, this figure is between −1.1 and 4.4 °C (30.0 and 39.9 °F).. Blizzards have become rarer in the 21st century, although much of England was affected by one on 30 January 2003. Northern areas are generally cooler and wetter, and have slightly larger temperature ranges than southern areas. Harvey J. E. Rodda, Max A.  Additionally, it was reported by the Met Office and BBC in 2019 that the 10 warmest years in the UK have all been since 2002. As the sun rises higher in the sky and the days get longer, temperatures slowly rise, but the solar effect is mitigated somewhat by the effect of the cool ocean waters and westerly winds that blow across them. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. It is internationally recognised that the United Kingdom has a higher incidence of tornadoes, measured by unit area of land, than any other country in the world. Some places in the Somerset Levels remained under water for most of the winter and well into spring. Rarely, the hottest day of the year can be in spring. More recently, there was a disruptive snow event between 26 and 29 April 2016 across much of Northern England and Scotland, which was unusually the only significant snow event of the winter 2015/16. The all-time record in the UK still stands at 38.5C recorded at … It was even hotter on 27 May 2005, when 31.9 °C (89.4 °F) was recorded in London.  so any tropical cyclone that does come anywhere near the UK has said to have undergone a process called extratropical transition. The last glacial period was a period of extreme cold weather that lasted for tens of thousands of years and ended about 10,000 years ago. The average temperature in August 2020 reached more than 17 degrees Celsius in the UK. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. The temperature varies with the seasons but seldom drops below -10 degrees Celsius (14.0° Fahrenheit) or rises above 35 degrees Celsius (95° Fahrenheit). The most rain recorded to fall on a single day was 279 mm at Martinstown (Dorset) on 18 July 1955, but also 243 mm fell at Bruton, Somerset on 28 June 1917. , Climate data from selected English weather stations. , Below is a list of record temperatures for Wales, according to the UK Met Office.. The United Kingdom does On November 1st the UK issued a lockdown for England, but the announcement came with some very important changes for tourists that were not immediately reported.The lockdown won’t just affect England, as the travel consequences truly affect all of the UK. The United Kingdom has a temperate oceanic climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The most deadly occurred on 28 December 1879. . (Weather station: Hereford, Credenhill, United Kingdom). In Bath, the climate is warm and temperate. Climate and Average Weather in United Kingdom. The impact of droughts is increased because the driest parts of England also have the highest population density, and therefore the highest water consumption. The subsided, dry air often results in clear skies and few clouds, bringing frosty nights in winter and warm days in the summer. Average Weather in London United Kingdom. The Central Lowlands have higher temperatures during the summer than any other part of Scotland, and have also broken some records for the whole of the UK. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum daily temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010. December 2010 was the coldest December in 120 years; the CET (Central England Temperature) was −0.7 °C (30.7 °F); it was the coldest month since February 1986, and the coldest December since 1890. , Below is a list of the highest and lowest daily minimum temperatures recorded in the UK. Wales' highest wind speed gust of 200 km/h (124 mph) was set at Rhoose, Vale of Glamorgan on 28 October 1989. There can be wide local variations in rainfall totals due to localised thundershowers. The winters of 2008/09, 2009/10 and 2010/11, however, had below or well below average temperatures, with large snowfall amounts widespread and very low temperatures; this was the first series of three consecutive cold winters in the UK since the 1960s. A national lockdown took effect last month and has now ended.40% of the population lives in regions that face the most severe restrictions. The UK is mostly under the influence of the maritime polar air mass from the north-west. The summer of 1976 or 2018, for example, experienced temperatures as high as 35 °C (95 °F), and it was so dry the country suffered drought and water shortages.. 3.  Regional climates are influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and latitude. Record-equalling gusts of 142 mph were recorded off the north coast of Scotland on 5 December 2013, with notably severe storms also recorded on 2 November 2013, 24 December 2013, 3 January 2014 and 14 February 2014. Annual Weather Averages in London. Eastern areas are drier, cooler, and less windy, and also experience the greatest daily and seasonal temperature variations. However, mild temperatures prevailed during winter 2018/19. This is in accordance with the met office, hence readings from the Cairn Gorm station are not on this list. Temperatures in these areas can rise to 15 °C (59 °F) in winter on rare occasions This is a particularly notable event in northern Scotland, mainly Aberdeenshire, where these high temperatures can occur in midwinter when the sun only reaches about 10° above the horizon. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. (CET was 9.7 °C (49.5 °F), this is warmer than even any March). The UK average temperature for this July is currently on course to be just 14.1C - one degree less than the 1981-2010 long-term average of 15.2C, it … As the sun rises higher in the sky and the days get longer, temperatures slowly rise, but the solar effect is mitigated somewhat by the effect of the cool ocean waters and westerly winds that blow across them. Examples of this were in 1985, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2011 and 2016 when September saw above average temperatures which felt more like a continuation of summer than autumn. This page includes a chart with historical data for the United Kingdom Average Temperature. Many places had heavy snowfall and extreme cold, temperatures regularly fell below −10.0 °C (14.0 °F) across many areas. The entire area is full of hidden gems. The rainfall here averages 761 mm.  The average rainfall for the month was almost doubled..  The lowest temperature ever recorded in England occurred on 10 January 1982 in Newport, Shropshire. This was the warmest August in recent years. Thus, the actual daytime temperature in a given month will be 2 to 10 °C (4 to 18 °F) higher than the temperature listed here, depending on … . A very severe storm also affected the UK on 27 October 2002. In the height of summer the Northern Isles can have temperatures around 15 °C (59 °F), while Cambridge in the East of England, on 25 July 2019, reached 38.7 °C (101.7 °F).. Frequently in the mountains potent depressions may move in from the north in the form of "polar lows", introducing heavy snow and often blizzard-like conditions to parts of the United Kingdom, particularly Scotland. Northern Ireland is warmer than Scotland throughout the year. In 1962 it snowed on Boxing Day, and snow lasted in most areas until 6 March, with blizzards through February, which had significant and documented effects on the FA Cup - Wrexham were forced to play on sand for one tie.  Occasionally, thunderstorms can be severe and produce large hailstones as seen in Ottery St Mary, Devon in October 2008, where drifts reached 1.8 metres (5 ft 11 in). In Aberdaron, the hottest day of 2011 was very early on in the year on 21 April.  The record maximum is 38.7 °C (101.7 °F), recorded in Cambridge on 25 July 2019.  Areas of high elevation tend to have higher wind speeds than low elevations, and Great Dun Fell in Cumbria (at 857 m or 2,812 ft) averaged 114 days of gale a year during the period 1963 to 1976. On occasions blocking anticyclones (high pressure systems) may move over the United Kingdom, which can persist for weeks or even months. Tropical cyclones do not affect the UK due to the high latitude, cold ocean waters, and distance from source regions of tropical storms. Gales — which are defined as winds with speeds of 51 to 101 km/h (32 to 63 mph)— are strongly associated with the passage of deep depressions across the country. , Central estimates produced by the Met Office predict average annual temperature to increase by 2 °C and the warmest summer day to increase by 3 °C by the 2050s. Sunshine totals throughout the year are more than that of Scotland and Northern Ireland, but less than that of neighbouring England. December 2015 was the wettest month ever recorded in the United Kingdom. They can on occasions bring prolonged periods of heavy rain, and flooding is quite common.  The English counties of Essex, Cambridgeshire - as well as parts of North Yorkshire, the East Riding of Yorkshire, Suffolk and Norfolk - are amongst the driest in the UK, with an average annual rainfall of around 600 millimetres (23.6 in). Top Stories Video Slideshows Climate News Award-Winning Investigations Health & Activities Allergy Tracker Cold & Flu Water Scarcity Boat & Beach Forecast Gardening Forecast Air Quality Forecast Shops and schools remain open, but in the heaviest category pubs and restaurants are closed.The new system has been approved by the British Parliament. This can combine with the warm ocean due to heating throughout the spring and summer, to produce some unsettled weather. The average temperature in the UK varies from 8.5 °C (47.3 °F) in the north to 11 °C (51.8 °F) in the south. Source: Travel off Path, This nation-wide website presents information about the weather and climate for almost every country around the world.Learn more. The United Kingdom has a temperate oceanic climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The temperature records in England are continuous back to the mid 17th century. In these months, some northern and western parts had 2 to 4 times as much rainfall as normal. Parts of the United Kingdom have had drought problems in recent years, particularly in 2004-2006 and more recently in 2018. The floors of inland valleys away from warming influence of the sea can be particularly cold as cold, dense air drains into them. Little, Rose G. Wood, Nina MacDougall, Patrick E. McSharry (2009). Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year See more current weather × Annual Weather Averages Near Hereford. Temperatures are the highest in southern and central areas and lowest in the north. For the United Kingdom, record figures for barometric pressure recordings are:, Highest - 1053.6mb (Aberdeen, 31 January 1902), Lowest - 925.6mb (Ochtertyre, 26 January 1884). Wales is also drier than Scotland in every month apart from May, June and December, and there are fewer days with rain than in Scotland.  Hardiness zones in the UK are high, ranging from zone 7 in the Scottish Highlands, the Pennines and Snowdonia, to zone 10 on the Isles of Scilly. Northern Ireland, Wales and western parts of England and Scotland, being closest to the Atlantic Ocean, are generally the mildest, wettest and windiest regions of the UK, and temperature ranges here are seldom extreme. , Barometric pressure plays a role in storm systems. York, United Kingdom: Annual Weather Averages. The coldest areas are the mountains of Wales and northern England, and inland areas of Scotland, averaging −3.6 to 2.3 °C (25.5 to 36.1 °F). °C °F; km/h; mph; kn; m/s; bft Though these tornadoes are much weaker than in areas of the United States, there is a significant number of these tornadoes annually. The temperatures listed are averages of the daily highs and lows. Most of Scotland and the mountains of Wales and northern England are the coolest areas of the UK, with average temperatures ranging from −0.6 to 5.8 °C (30.9 to 42.4 °F).  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